There are 9 total Lambrusco varieties.
Among them, the most well-known is the Lambrusco Sorbara, which is the oldest Lambrusco variety, it is grown twenty kilometers north of Modena in the fertile soil between the Secchia and Panaro rivers. Some other well known varietals include Lambrusco Salamino and the Lambrusco Gasparossa varietals. Here are some of their distinguishing features:
Lambrusco di Sorbara DOC
This varietal made Lambrusco famous in the first place, and has a history that dates back to the mid-800s, when it was known as the best Italian red sparkling wine. The varietal is very versatile as it can be intense red or rosé, dry or sweet. Overall, it is a light wine with aromas of strawberries, raspberries and cherries.
Lambrusco Salamino di Santa Croce DOP
Lambrusco Salamino di Santa Croce DOP can be dry or sweet and has a dark colour with a purple foam and a medium body.
Lambrusco Gasparossa DOP
Lambrusco Gasparossa DOP is very aromatic, with an intense ruby-red colour and a cherry-coloured foam.
Lambrusco di Modena DOP
Lambrusco di Modena DOP is very foamy with a pleasant scent and a taste that varies from fruity to floral.
Other than Emilia-Romagna , Lambrusco can also come from eastern Lombardia where another DOC is produced, Lambrusco Mantovano. This wine, typically light and with a fruity aroma, can be red or rosé and is composed of a mix of Lambrusco varieties.