The Consortium for the Protection of Bolgheri DOC and Bolgheri Sassicaia DOC wines is the only body responsible for the Promotion, Protection and Management of the two denominations concerned. The Consortium is made up of 60 producers whose vineyards represent over 97% of the total production in the area.
The territory of Bolgheri DOC coincides with the administrative boundaries of the Municipality of Castagneto Carducci, in the province of Livorno in Tuscany. This hilly areas is mostly covered by woods, thus ensuring the maintenance of a complex ecosystem. The vineyards grow on a flatter plateau overlooks the sea with views of the Tuscan archipelago and Corsica. To the west of the wine growing territory you will find beaches and pine forests.
The location of the Bolgheri wine area allows it to have a unique and characteristic microclimate, created by the hills that surround it. The winds from the sea cool the area for most of the year, leading to a colder temperature than other areas of the coast. This condition gives the wines greater freshness and elegance. The frequent presence of winds, at least 250 days a year, also has another very important effect in terms of plant health, as it limits the presence of humidity in the vineyards and therefore reduces the chance of disease. The exposure of sun in the area is strengthened by the reflection from the sea and also supports the growth of the vines.
Bolgheri reds are usually based on Cabernet (Sauvignon and Franc) and Merlot. The scents are characterized by ripe and sweet black fruit with notes of Mediterranean scrub, characteristic of the Bolgheri terroir. As for the taste the roundness and softness are striking and the sweetness of the fruit is present with a long finish. Often there is also a savory note that brings to mind the presence of the sea. Despite its intense structure, the wines are always balanced and harmonious.
It is also important to note that a large part of the Bolgheri vineyard is enters full production maturity on an average age of about 15 years. This means that the characteristics of the wines produced will only improve further. This is why the potential of Bolgheri wines is constantly growing. Although Bolgheri is universally an area known for its great reds, in reality the most historic types of wines in the area are white and rosé wines, which continue to be produced with great success.