The origin of this particular grape variety is most likely linked to Cariñena in Spain. Since then, the variety has spread to Sardinia, France and the New World wine territories as well. In these other territories, the variety has taken other names such as Mazuelo, Bovale grande, Cariñena, Carinyena, Samsó, Carignane, and Carignan.
Today, it is the 11th most planted variety in the world, with over 80000 hectares of vineyards. The largest part of the production is located in Sardinia, in the Sulcis region, in the mountainous part in the southeast of the island.
Most likely brought to Sardinia by the Phoenicians, today there are 1700 hectares of Carignano, making it one of the most important varieties in the region. Its resistance to salty maritime winds and its ability to grow in sandy, hot soils make this wine perfect for this climate and allows the variety to produce a rich, full, and intensely perfumed wine.
The wine is a deep garnet colour, with notes of plum, black cherry, dark chocolate, spices, liquorice and black pepper. The taste is long, with smooth ripe and fine tannins.
It was recognized as an appellation in 1977 with the name Carignano del Sulcis DOC.